ROTD AUG 15 LARGE

 

The Western Front Association rembers soldiers who served and died, from the Allies and Central Powers, during the First World War.

 

There will usually be a picture, though not always. There is a short personal biography: when and where they were born and what they did before the war, followed by their enlistment, training, and service.

 

All WW1 forces, all sides, on all fronts, east to west remembered as individual soldiers, nurses, labourers and others on the home front, their lives, service, their loss, burial and commemoration. 

 

Some can be more detailed than others. Included will be their final action or cause of death and their final resting place. 

 

Research by David O'Mara.

 

Readers are invited to add their comments and to submit ideas for people to feature.

2 June 1917 L/Cpl James McCoubrey18-903 L/Cpl James McCoubrey, 12th Bn Royal Irish Rifles.

Born in Ballymoney, Co.Antrim in 1888, James initially enlisted in April 1915 (in Belfast), into the 18th Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles.

After training in Ireland, he was sent to France in mid-1916 to join the 12th Battalion of the same regiment in Belgium. James stayed in the Ypres - Armentieres area throughout his front-line service (mainly involved in routine trench holding duties).

James was killed in action on 2 June 1917 when his position (vicinity of Regent St. Dugouts, near Wijtshaete/Kemmel) was hit by about fifty 150mm shells on the day he and his comrades were due to be relieved. He is now interred in Pond Farm Cemetery, Belgium.

2 June 1917

Research by David O'Mara

Jaeger Alois Scharmer 1 June 1917Jaeger Alois Scharmer, 2 Rgt d Tir KJ.

From Innsbruck , Austria, Alois was born on 26 May 1889. In civilian life, he was engaged as a private employee before being recalled to service in 1914. After seeing service on the Eastern Front, Alois was transferred to Italy during 1915, but was severely wounded on this front in May 1917.

He died of wounds in hospital at Schloss Mentelberg, Innsbruck on 1 June 1917 and was buried in his family plot locally.

1 June 1917

Research by David O'Mara

 

 Francis Brunt, A driver in the British Expeditionary Force, was killed in action on 30 May 1918
 Dvr Francis Brunt

 

700786 Dvr. Francis Brunt, B/210 Bty, Royal Field Artillery

 

A hairdresser from Burnley, Lancashire, Francis enlisted in Blackburn on 28 April 1915.

After being held on home service duties, he embarked for France on 3 March 1917 and saw service during the Battle of Arras, the 3rd Battle of Ypres and the German Kaisersschlacht offensive before being seriously wounded in action on 30 May 1918.

Francis died of his wounds in 42 Casualty Clearing Station on 30 May 1918 and is buried in Aubigny Communal Cemetery Extension, Pas-de- Calais.

30 May 1918 killed in action

 

Research by David O'Mara.

 

REFERENCE

Ancestry.com. British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA:

Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: Army Medal Office. WWI Medal Index Cards. In the care of The Western Front Association.

The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; WWI Service Medal and Award Rolls; Class: WO 329

Ancestry.com. British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920 [database on-line]

The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; First World War and Army of Occupation War Diaries; Class: WO 95

War Office: Soldiers’ Documents, First World War ‘Burnt Documents’ (The National Archives Microfilm Publication WO363

Long March: Story of "The Devil's Own" B/210 Burnley Battery Royal Field Artillery, 1914-19 Jack Horsfall, Pub: 1986

The Burnley Express 8 th June 1918

Commonwealth War Graves Commission (www.cwgc.org )

Soldiers Died in the Great War – HMSO 1921

Greater Burnley Roll of Honour Pub: Burnley 1920

28 May 1917 Lt Robert Hilary Lockhart WhitelawLt Robert Hilary Lockhart Whitelaw, Household Battalion

From Monkland, Nairn, Robert was born at Tibbermore, Perthshire in 1895 and was a keen cricketer having played for the Grange Cricket Club, Edinburgh. Educated at Trinity College, Glenalmond, he gained a commission in the Royal Horse Guards before being sent to the Western Front on 8 November 1916.

Wounded near Arras in May 1917, Robert died of wounds in hospital at Rouen and is now buried in St.Sever Cemetery, Rouen. Two of his brothers also died in the war (one of whom was the father of the ex-Home Secretary and Deputy Prime Minister, Willie Whitelaw)

28 May 1917 died of his wounds

Research by David O'Mara

31_may_1916_po_stoker_francis_george_england291538 PO Stoker Francis George England, Royal Navy.

35 year old Francis was born at Newton Abbot, Devon on 2 March 1881 and , a ‘career sailor', had enlisted into the Royal Navy in the late 1890s. At the time of his death, he was serving on HMS Defence which, earlier in the war, had been involved in the pursuit of the Goeben and the Breslau. On 31 May 1916, HMS Defence, as Rear Admiral Sir Robert Arbuthnot's flagship,  led the First Cruiser Squadron at the Battle of Jutland. During the evening of this day, part of the First Cruiser Squadron became entangled in the fighting around HMS Lion, Admiral Beatty's flagship.

While closing for the kill at high speed with the German cruiser SMS Wiesbaden, (which, after being crippled in a clash with British battlecruisers, was drifting uselessly between the German and British fleets) Defence presented a target for the combined firepower of the German battlecruisers, whose proximity was hidden by smoke and mist. After initial damage she was struck by a salvo which blew up her after magazine, triggering explosions on the ammunition rails leading to the broadside 7.5 inch guns. Within seconds, another salvo immediately hit forward, and she blew up in a spectacular explosion, sinking with the loss of Rear Admiral Sir Robert Arbuthnot and her entire complement of 54 officers, 845 men and 4 civilians. Francis was just one of the 903 lives lost on this ship that day.

He is commemorated on the Plymouth Naval Memorial and his body most likely remains on the wreck of the Defence which, since 2006, has been designated as a protected place (ie an official ‘war grave') under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986.

31 May 1916

Research by David O'Mara

 Black and white photograph of WW1 soldiers Caporal Pierre Jean Victorin Viguier who was killed in action 29 May 1916
 Caporal Pierre Jean Victorin Viguier

 

1860 Caporal Pierre Jean Victorin Viguier, 173e Régiment d’Infanterie

 

Pierre Vigueir was born on 9 January 1894.

He was a farmer from Camporiez, Aveyron, France. 

Called into service at Rodez in late August 1914, Pierre first saw action with the 173e R.I. at Les Eparges in May 1915 before fighting in the 1915 battles on the Wöevre (Bois de la Grurie) until the end of the year.

After a spell on the Chamapagne front, he moved to take part in the Battle of Verdun and arrived at the frontline on Côte 304, north of Esnes on 19 May 1916.

On 29 May 1916, after four days of continuous bombardment, the Germans launched two violent attacks on the hill, during which Pierre was killed in action.

He has no known grave.

29 May 1916 killed in action.

 

Research by David O'Mara.

 

REFERENCE

Livre d’Or de L’Aveyron (2 Vols) Pub. 1922

Historique du 173 e Régiment d’Infanterie, 1914-18 Pub. Paris (date unknown)

Tableau d’Honneur – Morts pour La France Pub. Paris 1921

Sepultures de Guerre (www.memoiredeshommes.sga.defense.gouv.fr)

Morts Pour La France de la Première Guerre Mondiale (fiches des soldats MPF) ( www.memoiredeshommes.sga.defense.gouv.fr )

Journaux des marches et opérations des unités engagées dans la Première Guerre mondiale ( www.memoiredeshommes.sga.defense.gouv.fr )

Aveyron Archives ( http://archives.aveyron.fr )

Les Armées françaises dans la Grande Guerre. Tome IV. Premier volume Pub. Paris 1926

 Black and White WW1 photograph of Austrian Soldier Jäger Remo Denicolo who died on 28 May 1917
 Jäger Remo Denicolo

 

Jäger Remo Denicolo, K.K. 2. Rgt. d. Tir. K.J.

 

Jäger was born at Castelnuovo, Trentino, Austria (now part of Italy) on 31 June 1897. He was a general labourer before the war.

 

Called into service during 1915, he began his war fighting the Rumanians in the Carpathian mountains during the second half of 1916 before moving to the Italian front and fighting in very familiar territory against his once-neighbours.

 

Wounded in action near Monte Cimone in May 1917, Remo died of wounds in hospital in Prague.

 

His burial location is unrecorded.

 

27 May 1918 died of his wounds.

 

REFERENCE

 

 

Research by David O'Mara

 

Ehrenbuch Weltkrieg 1914-18 , Ehrenbuch Dornbirn (Band 6: Vermisste u. später Verstorbene) : Kameradschaftsbund d. Kriegsteilnehmer 1914-1918, Dornbirn 1934 (Stadtarchiv Dornbirn)

 

Österreichischen Schwarzen Kreuzes Kriegsgräberfürsorge (www.osk.at )

 

Der Gebirgskrieg 1915-18 ( http://gebirgskrieg.heimat.eu/index.htm )

 

Die Tiroler Kaiserjaeger im Ersten Weltkrieg ( http://gebirgskrieg.heimat.eu/5120.htm )

 

Österreich-Ungarns letzter Krieg 1914–1918.( Band I–VII) : Pub. Vienna 1930 – 1939.

 

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