ROTD AUG 15 LARGE

 

The Western Front Association rembers soldiers who served and died, from the Allies and Central Powers, during the First World War.

 

There will usually be a picture, though not always. There is a short personal biography: when and where they were born and what they did before the war, followed by their enlistment, training, and service.

 

All WW1 forces, all sides, on all fronts, east to west remembered as individual soldiers, nurses, labourers and others on the home front, their lives, service, their loss, burial and commemoration. 

 

Some can be more detailed than others. Included will be their final action or cause of death and their final resting place. 

 

Research by David O'Mara.

 

Readers are invited to add their comments and to submit ideas for people to feature.

18 July 1916 Lance Corporal Eugene Walter LinleyLance Corporal Eugene Walter Linley, 5th Battalion, Cameron Highlanders.

Lance Corporal Linley of B Company was reported missing on 18 July 1916 during the Battle of the Somme. He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.

Born about 1893 in Inverness. The 1901 census records him living at Muirfiled Road, Inverness, with his parents Fred [b.1859 Huddersfield?, Yorkshire] and Ellen Louise [b.1861], brothers Fred Kay [b.1890], Richard Musgrave [b.1898] and a domestic servant.

His younger brother Richard Musgrave Linley also served in the Great War, with 4th Btn London Regiment [London Scottish], Pte 8029 London Rgt, and was wounded on 30th April 1918 and again in October 1918 and was twice gassed later the same month.

The 5th (Service) Battalion Cameron Highlanders was formed at Inverness in August 1914 as a  battalion of volunteers responding to Kitchener's call to arms. The Battalion was in 26 Brigade in 9th (Scottish) Division. They moved to train in Aldershot and in February 1915 were in Bordon. The 5th Camerons went to France on 10 May 1915.

Lance Corporal Linley was in 'B' Company in July 1916 when XIII Corps was committed to capturing the high ground at Longueval on 14 July. The attack was led by 26 Brigade with 8th Black Watch and 10th Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders leading, supported by 9th Seaforth Highlanders, with 5th Cameron Highlanders in reserve. The plan envisaged 26 Brigade seizing Longueval whereupon 27 Brigade would pass through to capture the dominating ground of Delville Wood to the north-east.

The assaulting troops quickly fought their way into Longueval where they became involved in brutal close-quarters hand-to-hand action, into which 27 Brigade were introduced in support. On 15 July, with all but the northern quarter of Longueval in British control, the South African Brigade was moved up to capture Delville Wood. The Germans stubbornly defended the wood for three days defying every attempt to drive them out - the fighting degenerating into a hideous struggle amongst the burning and blasted tree stumps. At daybreak on 18 July heavy enemy shelling which went on all day heralded a determined counter attack by the German 8th Infantry Division. The surviving elements of 26 Brigade attempted to reinforce the South Africans who held on until 3rd Division entered the battle to relieve the survivors on 20 July. By this time British, South African and German corpses were strewn throughout Longueval and Delville Wood. The situation had become quite desperate; German snipers made it impossible even to bring up drinking water; casualty evacuation was only achieved at huge risk and there was no possibility of recovering the bodies of the dead.

18 July 1916

Source : IWM Collections and Faces of the First World War

 Sgt Omer US AEF died of a brain tumour 17 July 1918
 Omer Albert Huntzinger

 

Sgt Omer Albert Huntzinger, 15 Co, 2nd Regiment, Signal Corps

Born at Anderson, Indiana on 7 September 1894, Omer enlisted into the army at Newcastle, Indiana on 7 December 7 1917.

Trained at Fort Thomas, Kentucky and Camp Merritt, New Jersey, he embarked for service with the AEF in March 1918 but fell ill within weeks after arrival.

Moved into US Hospital No.4 in France, Omer died of a brain tumour on 17 July 1918.

His remains were returned to the USA post-war.

17 July 1918 died of a brain tumour

 

Research by David O'Mara.

 

Reference:

Gold Star Honor Roll (Indiana Historical Collections, World War Records) Pub. 1921

American Battle Monuments Commission (www.abmc.gov)

Order of Battle of the United States Land Forces in the World War Pub. 1931-1949, reprint 1988

Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication) . ( www.archives.gov )

Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C ( www.archives.gov )

15 July 1917 Pte Fred Crabtree32157 Pte Fred Crabtree, 10th Bn York and Lancaster Regt.

Born in Burnley. Lancashire in 1888, Fred was employed as a Loom Over-Looker at the Rake Head Shed, Burnley before the war. Originally serving as 267421 in the Army Service Corps from November 1916 (after being on the reserve and still at home since December 1915), he was transferred to the West Yorkshire Regiment (10th Bn) in March 1917, with whom he arrived in France later that month. In April 1917, Fred was allocated to the 10th York and Lancs but was wounded in the face on 26 April and was destined to spend the next months in hospital. He rejoined his battalion on 26 June 1917 but was killed in action just 19 days later on 15 July.

Fred is now buried in Pond Farm Cemetery, Belgium.

15 July 1917

Research by David O'Mara 

13_july_1916_gnr_william_greenwood6000 Gnr William Greenwood, 111th Company, MGC (Inf).

Born in Burnley, Lancs. in 1891, William was residing with his parents at Church Square, Worsthorne at the time of his enlistment. Originally enlisting into the East Lancashire Regiment in April 1915, he was sent to the 10th (Reserve) Battalion (and numbered 10/21472) before proceeding overseas with the 8th Battalion (to which he was transferred) serving in France. Soon after arrival in France, (March 1916), William was transferred to the MGC , becoming a part of the newly formed 111th Company that , although in a separate brigade, was in the same Division (37th) as his original unit.

On 13 July 1916, whilst in support in the vicinity of the Tara-Usna line (La Boisselle), he was badly wounded and died of his injuries whilst in the care of a Field Ambulance at Albert. He is now buried in Albert Communal Cemetery Extension.

13 July 1916

Research by David O'Mara

 

German WW1 soldier Otto Stadler died on this day 16 July 1918
Otto Stadler

 

U/Offz. Otto Stadler, 4. Komp. Kgl. Bay. 28. Inf, Regt.

Born in Biederwinkling, Bavaria in May 1895, Otto was a housekeeper in his civilian life. Called into service in March 1915, he saw frontline service from July 1916.

Fighting in Rumania through 1916 and 1917, Otto was a recipient of the Iron Cross 2nd Class and moved to the Western Front in May 1918 in time to take part in the 2nd Battle of the Aisne.

Killed in action near Neuville during the attacks towards Epernay, he is now buried in the ‘Kameradengrab’ of the German Military Cemetery at Marfaux, Marne.

16 July 1918

 

Research by David O'Mara.

 

References:

Histories of 251 Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War US General Staff, Pub.1920

Schlachten des Weltkrieges (Band 34 – Der Letzte Deutsche Angriff, Reims 1918)) – Pub: Berlin 1930

Schlachten des Weltkrieges (Band 35 – Schicksals Wende ..von der Marne bus zur Vesle 1918)) – Pub: Berlin 1930

Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge (www.volksbund.de)

Verlustlisten 1.Weltkrieg (http://des.geneology.net)

 Black and White WW1 photograph of Austrian soldier Rudolf Huber
Rudolf Huber

 

Kaiserschütze Rudolf Huber, k.k. Landesschützen-Regiment ‘Bozen’ Nr. 2

A dairy farm worker from Dornbirn, Austria, Rudolf was born on 17 January 1881.

Recalled as a reservist in July 1914, he saw service in Austria and then Poland, taking part in the Battles of Limanowa in December 1914 and Bukowina in March 1915.

Rudolf was killed in action near Czernowitz, Ukraine on 14 July 1915.

His grave location is unrecorded.

14 July 1915 killed in action.

 

Research by David O'Mara.

 

References:

Ehrenbuch Weltkrieg 1914-18 , Ehrenbuch Dornbirn (Band 6: Vermisste u. später Verstorbene) :

Kameradschaftsbund d. Kriegsteilnehmer 1914-1918, Dornbirn 1934 (Stadtarchiv Dornbirn)

Österreichischen Schwarzen Kreuzes Kriegsgräberfürsorge (www.osk.at )

Der Gebirgskrieg 1915-18 ( http://gebirgskrieg.heimat.eu/index.htm )

Österreich-Ungarns letzter Krieg 1914–1918.( Band I–VII) : Pub. Vienna 1930 – 1939.

 Black and White photograph of James Albert Jackson
 James Albert Jackson

 

13099 A/Cpl. James Albert Jackson, 7th Bn. East Lancashire Regt.

Born in Read, Lancashire in 1890, James was living in neighbouring Burnley where he was employed as a ring jobber in a cotton mill.

After enlisting into the East Lancashire Regiment in Burnley in September 1914, he embarked for France on 18 July 1915 and spent the major part of the year in the Festubert and Neuve Chapelle sectors (including taking part in the Loos diversionary action at Pietre on 25 September 1915) before moving southwards for the Battle of the Somme.

Not actively involved in the opening day of the Somme battle, James saw much action in and around the village of La Boisselle as from the 2 July.

Badly wounded in the head and throat by shrapnel on 6 July 1916, James suffered some 16 separate wounds, including brain injuries and was evacuated back to the UK. He died of these wounds – his wife was present - in King George’s Hospital, London.

James is buried in Burnley Cemetery, Lancashire.

12 July 1916 died of wounds sustain on 2 July

 

 

Research by David O'Mara

 

References:

Ancestry.com. British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA:

Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: Army Medal Office. WWI Medal Index Cards. In the care of The Western Front Association.

The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; WWI Service Medal and Award Rolls; Class: WO 329

The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; First World War and Army of Occupation War Diaries; Class: WO 95

The History of the East Lancashire Regiment in the Great War- Maj.Gen Nicholson (ed) Pub. 1935

The Burnley Express 29 July 1916

Commonwealth War Graves Commission (www.cwgc.org )

Soldiers Died in the Great War – HMSO 1921

Greater Burnley Roll of Honour Pub: Burnley 1920

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