The Fighting at Jutland31st May to 1st June 1916.

Taken from "The Fighting at Jutland" published prior to the 1920s when the Jutland Despatches became available.

PHASE I. Battle Cruiser Action - Roughly 14:00 to 18:00 hours.

14:20hrs

GALATEA reports enemy ships in sight. Rosyth battle cruiser force steer to intercept enemy.

14:40hrs

Grand Fleet raise steam for full speed and prepare to join Rosyth Force.

15:08hrs

ENGADINE'S Seaplane is hoisted out and commences reconnaissance flight.

15:25hrs

Rosyth battle cruisers sight 5 enemy battle cruisers bearing north-east. Range, 23,000 yards (11 ? sea miles). Course E.S.E.

15:25hrsbattle-cruisers

13th Destroyer Flotilla takes station ahead of battle cruisers, near to 2nd L.C.S.; 1st and 3rd L.S.C. are astern - ie., to the northward of battle cruisers. 5th Battle Squadron (4 ships Queen Elizabeth class) are about 4 miles astern of battle cruisers.

15:48hrs

LION opens fire. PRINCESS ROYAL, QUEEN MARY, TIGER, NEW ZEALAND, INDEFATIGABLE, following astern in single line, also open fire.

16:04hrs

INDEFATIGABLE sunk.

16:08hrs

5th B.S. open fire; range 20,000 yards (a very long range).

16:26hrs

QUEEN MARY sunk.

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About 16:15 to 17:00hrs

13th Destroyer Flotilla attack enemy battle cruisers with torpedoes, engage enemy destroyers with gunfire, and eventually attack enemy battle fleet. NESTOR and NOMAD sunk. Two German destroyers sunk.

16:38hrs

2nd Light Cruiser Squadron (SOUTHAMPTON, NOTTINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, DUBLIN) ahead of LION, report enemy battle fleet in sight.

16:46hrs

Rosyth battle cruisers alter course 16 points to starboard in succession on to northerly course.

16:52hrs

German battle cruisers alter course 16 points to port (outwards) in succession on to northerly course.

16:57hrs

5th Battle Squadron pass our battle cruisers, then turn 16 points, and form up about 2 miles astern - i.e., to the southward of them. Course North. They engage van of German battle fleet.

17:00hrs

Grand Fleet is approximately 40 miles north-north-west (true) from H.M.S. LION.

17:00 to 18:00hrs

Four remaining battle cruisers - LION, PRINCESS ROYAL, TIGER, NEW ZEALAND - continue gunnery duel with 5 German battle cruisers on a northerly course, range about 13,000 to 18,000 yards. There are intervals during which fire is checked; enemy are periodically obscured by mist. 5th B.S. engage German battle cruisers and van of German battle fleet.lion

About 17:30hrs

HOOD'S battle cruiser squadron (INVINCIBLE, INFLEXIBLE, INDOMITABLE), having been detached from Grand Fleet at 14:30hrs to support Rosyth battle cruiser force, sight gun-flashes.

About 17:40hrs

Light cruiser CHESTER engages light cruisers, and soon afterwards other ships under Admiral Hood come into action.

17:59hrs

SHARK sunk.

PHASE II. Battle Fleet Action - Roughly 18:00 to 21:00 hours.

About 17:50hrs

Arbuthnot's Cruiser Squadron, DEFENCE, etc., commence action with German light cruiser.

17:56hrs

MARLBOROUGH, western wing battleship of Grand Fleet, sights LION.

About 17:55 to 18:25hrs

Windy Corner period.

18:05hrs

ONSLOW attacks German light cruiser, then battle cruisers, then battle fleet. Is damaged, and about 19:15hrs is towed out of action by DEFENDER.

18:14hrs

Battle Fleet deploys. Immediate course as they deploy E.N.E., ships then altering course in succession to S.E. by E. KING GEORGE V. leading 2nd B.S. in the van; IRON DUKE with 4th B.S. in the centre; MARLBOROUGH with 1st B.S. in the rear. 5th B.S. form astern of 1st B.S.

18:16hrs

DEFENCE blown up, WARRIOR disabled.

18:17hrs

Battle fleet opens fire, 1st B.S. in the rear commencing. German light cruiser WIESBADEN set on fire, sinks soon afterwards.

18:20hrs

WARSPITE'S helm jams.

18:21hrs

Hood's battle cruisers form ahead of LION and engage enemy battle cruisers at about 8,000 yards range.

18:25hrs

3rd Light Cruiser Squadron (FALMOUTH, etc.) attack enemy battle cruisers.

18:30 to 19:20hrs

Battleships in the centre and van firing at enemy.

18:33hrs

INVINCIBLE blows up.

18:38hrs

Battle fleet deployment complete; fleet in single line ahead steering S.E. by E.

18:47hrs

ACASTA, lying disabled, is passed by IRON DUKE and the battle fleet.

18:54hrs

MARLBOROUGH (4th battleship from the rear) hit by a torpedo.

19:00 to 19:14hrs

Six British battle cruisers in van, hauling round through south to a south-westerly course, regain contact with enemy, which had been lost; range 15,000 yards. British battle cruisers are roughly 5 to 7 miles ahead of leading battleship.

19:10hrs

1st German destroyer attack on the battle fleet.

19:00 to 19:00hrs

Course of battle fleet south, with periodical alterations to the eastward to neutralise torpedo attacks.

19:12hrs

Rear ships of battle fleet (COLOSSUS, NEPTUNE, etc.) engage enemy battleships or battle cruisers.

About 19:20hrs

Rear ships of battle fleet dodging torpedoes.

About 19:25hrs

Second German destroyer attack. German battle line makes large turn away under cover of this attack and of smoke screen. Probably two German destroyers sunk.

19:45hrs

OBEDIENT, MARVEL, MINDFUL, and ONSLAUGHT sink a German destroyer, flying a Commodore's pendant, that lay damaged between the fleets.

19:45hrs

Battle cruisers lose touch with enemy.

About 20:20hrs

1st and 3rd L.C.S. locate head of enemy's line again. Battle cruisers on a westerly course regain touch. Enemy appear to suffer heavily from gunfire.

20:22hrs

4th Light Cruiser Squadron (CALLIOPE, etc.) engaging enemy.

21:05hrs

CAROLINE fires torpedoes at enemy battle cruisers.

21:00hrs

Battle fleet course south; speed 17 knots; take up night dispositions. Day action finished.

21:32hrs

ABDIEL detached to lay mine-field off Horn Reefs. Lays mines about 01:00hrs.

PHASE III. Night Action - Roughly 22:00 to 02:00 hours., June 1st.

22:04hrs

H.M.S. CASTOR and part of 11th Destroyer Flotilla in action (CASTOR'S 1st Night Action).

22:20hrs

Light cruiser action of 2nd L.C.S. (SOUTHAMPTON, DUBLIN, NOTTINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM) with Greman light cruisers. German light cruiser FRAUENLOB sunk by torpedo from SOUTHAMPTON.

About 23:30hrs

Actions of Tipperary's (4th) Flotilla commemnce.(1)

Rough chronology was:-

about 23:30hrs

4th Flotilla in action at close range with German cruisers. TIPPERARY is set on fire. SPITFIRE is damaged.

About 23:45hrs

ARDENT, AMBUSCADE, GARLAND, and FORTUNE engage enemy big ship; FORTUNE is sunk.

About 23:30hrs

SPITFIRE closing the burning TIPPERARY is rammed by a German cruiser.

Soon after Midnight
Burning ship, possibly H.M.S. BLACK PRINCE, passes close by SPITFIRE.

About 00:15hrs

BROKE, followed by SPARROWHAWK and others in action with German battleship. BROKE collides with SPARROWHAWK.

Soon after midnight

ARDENT sunk by German battleships.

About 02:00hrs

TIPPERARY sinks. Survivors take to rafts.

About 03:00hrs

SPARROWHAWK sights German light cruiser. German light cruiser sinks.

About 04:00hrs

GARLAND and CONTEST engage four German destroyers.

About 05:00hrs

Survivors of TIPPERARY on a raft reach H.M.S. SPARROWHAWK.

08:00hrs

H.M.S. SPARROWHAWK is sunk. Her crew with survivors of TIPPERARY are taken on board H.M.S. MARKSMAN.

00:15hrs

H.M.S. CASTOR'S 2nd night action (one German destroyer probably sunk).

00:30hrs ?

Part of 13th Destroyer Flotilla (PETARD, NICATOR, etc.) in action with German battleships.

H.M.S. TURBULENT rammed and sunk. Note.-Sometime during the night or early morning H.M.S. BLACK PRINCE foundered.

German battle cruiser LUTZOW was abandoned and sank as result of damage received during day action. One German light cruiser, perhaps two, also sank during the night.

01:45hrs

12th Destroyer Flotilla (FAULKNOR, OBEDIENT, etc.) sight enemy battle squadron. Manoeuvre into position of torpedo advantage.

02:00hrs

Attack. One German battleship hit and sunk. H.M.S. ONSLAUGHT damaged, but no British ship lost.

02:30hrs

Vice-Admiral Sir C.Burney, Commanding 1st Battle Squadron, transfers his flag from MARLBORUGH to REVENGE. MARLBOROUGH proceeds to England.

02:45hrs

H.M.S. MAENAD turns back and delivers a second attack by herself. Probably one of her torpedoes hit.

02:47hrs

Grand Fleet Battle Squadrons, accompanied by cruisers and a few destroyers, turn to north. German battle fleet at this time was passing or past Horn Reefs, which bote roughly north-east 40 miles from IRON DUKE.

03:00 to 06:30hrs

Several cruisers or destroyers sight enemy light aircraft disappearing in the mist. No action fought.

03:30 to 04:00hrs

Zeppelin in sight from various warships.

07:30hrs

H.M.S. WARRIOR abandoned. ENGADINE takes off crew.

13:15hrs

British Battle Fleet shapes course for Scapa Flow.

June 1st Damaged Ships proceeding Home Independently -

Battleships:
H.M.S. MARLBOROUGH
H.M.S. WARSPITE

Destroyers:
H.M.S. ONSLOW in tow of H.M.S. DEFENDER
H.M.S. ACASTA in tow of H.M.S. NONSUCH
H.M.S. BROKE
H.M.S. SPITFIRE
H.M.S. GARLAND, with H.M.S. CONTEST and H.M.S. PORPOISE.
H.M.S. ONSLAUGHT.

German battle cruiser SEYDLITZ very badly damaged in the day action, reaches Cuxhaven, but (it is believed) sinks or is purposely grounded at the entrance. She is later salved.schsal

German battleship OSTFRIESLAND (?) strikes a mine in the vicinity of Horn Reefs.

June 2nd

08:00hrs

H.M.S. MARLBOROUGH arrives safely in the harbour.

Forenoon

Battle fleet returns to Scapa Flow.

09:45hrs

Battle fleet refuelled and reported ready for sea.

June 3rd

About 08:00hrs

BROKE enters the Tyne. All British ships now back in harbour.

(1) It is probable that during these actions one or more German cruisers or battleships were sunk by torpedoes, but there is not sufficient evidence upon which to base a definite statement.

 

 

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